The Bolting Act of 1678, whereby no mill outside the city was permitted to grind wheat or corn, boosted growth until its repeal in 1694, increasing the number of houses over the period from 384 to 983.[20]. In the late 1990s, the city benefited from the success of the financial sectors, such as Silicon Alley, during the dot com boom, one of the factors in a decade of booming real estate values. San Francisco dominated the West, Atlanta dominated the South, Boston dominated New England; Chicago, the nation's railroad hub, dominated the Midwest United States; however, New York City dominated the entire nation in terms of communications, trade, finance, popular culture, and high culture. Hudson's report on the regional beaver population served as the impetus for the founding of Dutch trading colonies in the New World. Unemployment and crime remained high, the latter reaching peak levels in some categories around the close of the decade and the beginning of the 1990s. 1928, Select "New York City" value to browse NYC Maps (satyrical, political, pictorial) from 1883 to 1984 at the Persuasive Cartography, The PJ Mode Collection, New York (Manhattan, the Bronx, Staten Island),, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles which contain graphical timelines, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Early European settlers called bands of Lenape by the Unami place name for where they lived, such as "Raritan" in Staten Island and New Jersey, "Canarsee" in Brooklyn, and "Hackensack" in New Jersey across the Hudson River from Lower Manhattan. Museum of the City of New York ), William Pelletreau, "History of Putnam County," (Interlaken, New York: Heart of the Lakes Publishing, 1975), p. 5, Milton M. Klein, Milton M. "From Community to Status: The Development of the Legal Profession in Colonial New York. They also harvested vast quantities of fish and shellfish from the bay. In 1703, 42% of the New York households had slaves; they served as domestic servants and laborers but also became involved in skilled trades, shipping and other fields. During the 19th century, the city was transformed by immigration, a visionary development proposal called the Commissioners' Plan of 1811 which expanded the city street grid to encompass all of Manhattan, and the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, which connected the Atlantic port to the vast agricultural markets of the Midwestern United States and Canada. Springing up in Northeastern US, the city is situated in the state of New York… Two weeks later, Stuyvesant officially capitulated by signing Articles of Surrender and in June 1665, the town was reincorporated under English law and renamed "New York" after the Duke, and Fort Orange was renamed "Albany," ending the 50-year history of the Dutch colony. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. In 1609 an Englishman, Henry Hudson, sailed up the Hudson River. The city's strategic location and status as a major seaport made it the prime target for British seizure in 1776. It has been portrayed more, New York state is America’s top apple grower, after the state of Washington, but New York City’s nickname has nothing to do with fruit production. Through 1940, New York City was a major destination for African Americans during the Great Migration from the rural American South.