His changes to the army altered the future of Rome. And because of it, he was always striving for better. Gaius Marius’s impact on the Roman Empire was undeniable. He was superstitious and overwhelmingly ambitious, and, because he failed to force the aristocracy to accept him, despite his great military success, he suffered from an inferiority complex that may help explain his jealousy and vindictive cruelty. His final election, thus fulfilling the supposed prophecy from his teenage years, took place just before his death following his return to Rome in 86BC. As an equestrian, he lacked the education in Greek normal to the upper classes. This is reinforced by the fact that both Gaius Marius and his older brother, Marcus Marius, would be able to enter Roman public life. As a teenager, it is said that Marius stumbled across an eagle’s nest that contained 7 eggs. With them, Marius defeated the Teutones at Aquae Sextiae (modern Aix-en-Provence, Fr.) Julia was born on Circa 130 B.C., in Rome, Italy, Roman Republic. Let’s take a look at 10 interesting facts about Gaius Marius. When something was a little out of his grasp, he was willing to d… Gaius was born on Circa 157 B.C., in Arpinum, Roman Republic. Sulla had the incident engraved on his seal, provoking Mariusâ jealousy. His progressive approach to warfare and his political changes paved the way for the likes of Julius Caesar and Augustus who came after him. When Q. Caecilius Metellus Numidicus was sent to Africa in 109 to deal with Jugurtha, he chose Marius as a member of his staff, perhaps to placate equestrian and Italian interests. He was certainly a nasty fellow (see Did Sulla commit murders? ) By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Of equestrian but outside roots, Marius would find his early attempts to climb the Roman social and political ladder difficult at best. He was elected an unprecedented 7 times as a consul, with the first coming in 107 BC. From the outset Marius intended to use the appointment for his political advancement. During this time, Marius allowed Romans of all classes to join the army, including the poor. The Marian reforms were reforms of the ancient Roman army implemented in 107 BC by the statesman Gaius Marius, for whom they were later named.The reforms originated as a reaction to the military and logistical stagnation of the Roman Republic in the late 2nd century BC. Omissions? The two would be happily married for many years and they had one son together, Gaius Marius the Younger, who himself was elected to the consul in 82BC, though, he committed suicide the same year. Marius was the first "n… His family (from Arpinum [See map section aC in Latium], the rustic birthplace shared with Cicero) may have been peasants or they may have been equestrian, but they were clients of the old, rich, and patrician Metellus family.To improve his circumstances, Gaius Marius … Julius Caesar was a general, politician and scholar who became dictator of ancient Rome until he was assassinated in 44 B.C., inspiring a play by Shakespeare. After that, he made a good marriage into a patrician family that, after long obscurity, was on the point of strong political revival. He had also contributed in initiating noted Roman reforms like providing employment to landless citizens, structuring and organizing large military groups into cohorts, etc. The two married in 110 BC and it was this marriage that really established Gaius Marius as a significant mover in Roman society. The ongoing conflict with Jugurtha, king of Numidia was a frustrating one for the Romans and it led to one of Gaius Marius’s greatest victories. Marius died on 13 January, just 17 days into his seventh consulship. A clutch of eagle’s eggs would commonly only have two or three eggs in it so to make such a discovery was incredibly rare. He was elected as the consul on seven occasions, including five successive consulships. Marius was born in 157 BC to a family of supposed rustic origins. The town had been given Roman Citizenship not long before his birth in 188BC. He was the only man in history to have attacked and kept both Athens and Rome.. Sulla unconstitutionally marched his armies into Rome and defeated his enemy Gaius Marius in battle. Youth and the First Civil War. Professional soldiers were … 10 Major Accomplishments of Ronald Reagan. Although Plutarch claims that Marius' father was a labourer, this is almost certainly false since Marius had connections with the nobility in Rome, he ran for local office in Arpinum, and he had marriage relations with the local no… Marius was a commoner who found his way up the political ladder in Rome through his exceptional military expertise. Gaius Marius was a populist general, hyper-ambitious, who managed to get himself elected Consul seven times, at a time when Consul was a strictly term-limited position: once in your lifetime, and that was it. One of the most notable changes that Gaius Marius made to the army was during the conflict in Africa with Jugurtha. After a peaceful few years, chaos broke out in Rome in 91 BC when the tribune, Marcus Livius Drusus was assassinated. 10 Major Accomplishments of Nelson Mandela. Their actions set the stage for the rise of Marius, Sulla, and Pompey. There has been a lot of speculation as to the cause of death of Gaius Marius but the most commonly held theory is that he had contracted pleurisy and had died as a result of that. Our editors will review what youâve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He failed to secure the aedileship (control of markets and police) and was only just elected praetor (judicial magistrate) for the year 115 after bribing heavily, for which he was lucky to escape condemnation in court. Once he retired from power he was appalled to see his long time rival, Sulla rise to a position of great power. During his long service as a military commander, Gaius Marius received a lot of recognition for his innovative approach to the military, especially its recruitment. This led to his death just seventeen days after his election at the age of 70. Bust of Gaius Marius, Caesar’s uncle. 1: Gaius Marius was born in 157BC Gaius Marius would go on to become of the most influential leaders in the history of Rome, and he had his first taste of the military in 134BC when he joined Scipio Aemilianus’s personal legion for an expedition to Numantia. Gaius Marius’s political reforms were formed on the ideology of strengthening the Roman Republic by professionalising the Roman military. Marius was a very successful general, who had defeated the Cimbri, reformed the army, and held the consulship an unprecedented six times. Gaius Marius, (born c. 157 bce, Cereatae, near Arpinum [Arpino], Latium [now in Italy]âdied January 13, 86 bce, Rome), Roman general and politician, consul seven times (107, 104â100, 86 bce), who was the first Roman to illustrate the political support that a successful general could derive from the votes of his old army veterans. There … The command in the war against Jugurtha (who was now Numidian king) was given to Quintus Metellus, and Marius was invited to join Metellusâ staff. He was not an aristocrat (patrician); he … While the move was openly criticised at the time, it would later become standard practice for the Roman army. Gaius Marius was born in 157BC in the Italian town of Aprinum, which is located in... 2: The Legend of the Eagle’s Nest eval(ez_write_tag([[320,50],'factsking_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_4',127,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[320,50],'factsking_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_5',127,'0','1'])); Gaius Marius was born in 157BC in the Italian town of Aprinum, which is located in Southern Latium. After spending his life engaged in a conflict of one kind or another, Marius’s final years were to be no different. Following his father’s death, Marius the Younger took control of Rome with the support of the elder Marius’ allies. He was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic. Then, by parlaying … Fellow of Exeter College, University of Oxford, 1928â69. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Gaius-Marius, Vassar College - Biography of Gaius Marius. Patrician is a … As the use of violence, riots, and mob tactics were quickly to become the mainstay throughout the perilous era in Roman history, the Gracchi brothers quickly rose and fell from power. Gaius Marius was married to Julia, who was the daughter of Gaius Julius Caesar II, the sister of Gaius Julius Caesar III and subsequently, the aunty of Julius Caesar. Gaius Marius Facts – Ancient Rome For Kids Gaius Marius was born in 157 BC in Italy. Only in 188 BC did the town receive full citizenship. He was born in Arpinum in 157 B.C.E., only 33 years after the city was given full citizenship by the Roman Republic. He would then be elected five times in a row between 104BC and 100BC. Mariusâ family enjoyed the patronage of more than one noble family, in particular the distinguished and inordinately conceited Caecilii Metelli, then at the height of their political power. His parents were Aurelia and Julius Caesar. In Africa he kept Jugurtha on the run, and in 105 Jugurtha was captured, betrayed by his ally, King Bocchus of Mauretaniaânot to Marius himself but to Sulla, considered a rather disreputable young aristocrat, who had joined Mariusâ staff as quaestor in 107. Once he had achieved this, he set about making changes to the military structure and returned to Numidia to defeat Jugurtha. Eventually, Bocchus agreed to surrender Jugurtha personally to Sulla, which essentially marked the end of th… He would later make the eagle the symbol of the senate and the people of Rome. Marius claimed the whole credit for the victory; Catulus and Sulla gave very different accounts of the event in their memoirs. Gaius Marius was a Roman general, politician, and military reformer, who had played an important role in the transformation of Rome. Caesar's family was related to the revolt's leader, Gaius Marius, and joined his faction. An interesting fact about Gaius Marius is that this was seen as one of the most important victories of Marius’s life. His impact on the Empire was huge. Marius showed himself no unprincipled candidate for popular favour, for he vetoed a popular grain bill, and the following years offered him little promise of a conspicuous career. As a young officer-cadet, along with Jugurtha (later king of Numidia), on Scipio Aemilianusâ staff in the Numantine War in Spain (134 bce), he, like Jugurtha, made an excellent impression on his commanding officer. That title was his chip, as it made him feel like an outsider in Rome. At the time, eagles were considered to be sacred animals and as such, finding this was viewed as a prophecy for the rest of Marius’s life, an interesting fact about Gaius Marius. He had to leave Italy after Sulla won the civil war against his uncle Gaius Marius. Just days into his reign, he began to lose focus and was showing signs of illness. Marius was born in 157 BC in the town of Arpinum in southern Latium. One of the most influential figures in the history of the Roman Empire was Gaius Marius. in 102 and in 101 came to the support of the consul of 102, Quintus Lutatius Catulus, who had suffered a serious setback; together they defeated the Cimbri at the Vercellae, near modern Rovigo in the Po River valley, and the danger was over. He was even elected to the state’s highest post, the consulship, in 107 BC. It was during this time period that Marius began to earn the respect of those in positions of power within the military and in Rome itself. After the Marian purges and the subsequent sudden death of Gaius Marius, the surviving consul Lucius Cornelius Cinna (father-in-law of Julius Caesar) imposed proscriptions on those surviving Roman senators and equestrians who had supported Lucius Cornelius Sulla in his 88 BC march on Rome and overthrow of the traditional Roman political … – 15 March 44 B.C. It is said that during one famous dinner, Scipio Aemilianus highlighted Gaius Marius as a future leader and this recognition was an early sign of what was to come for Marius. After defeating Jugurtha in pitched battle, Metellus was less successful in later guerrilla warfare, and this failure was exaggerated by Marius in his public statements when at the end of 108 he returned to Rome to seek the consulship (chief magistracy).